An Air Conditioner machine is the equipment for lowering room temperature at home, in the office, or in a car. It works on the same principle as the refrigeration cycle.
An air conditioner machine’s other short names are AC, A/C or ac.
The Air Conditioner inventor’s original idea was to lower the temperature of a given indoor area. But over time, design-works incorporated a mechanism that does the reverse of cooling. So when you press a button, an AC can also heat the room.
A technology called heat pump is an example of a reverse refrigeration cycle. You activate a special valve from your AC control panel, and the AC absorbs heat from the outside environment and transfers it into the room.
Another form of heating in air conditioning is an electric heater. It’s an element inside the AC that generates heat and then a fan blows the heat into the conditioned room.
In cold weather, when the heat pump or heater is not able to provide enough heating, a furnace is the alternative.
A furnace is a dedicated machine for generating heat by burning fuel or boiling water. It’s either a stand-alone installation or it is part of the main AC unit. If it is an embedded furnace in the AC infrastructure, the AC’s air handler fan pushes the heat it generates into the room via the same AC duct line.
Since Willis H. Carrier invented the AC in 1902, expert designers have expanded on his work. They’ve redesigned air conditioners to suit different House Air Conditioning and Vehicle Air Conditioning applications.
Air Conditioning Industry classifies house air conditioners into Central air conditioners, Packaged air conditioners, Split type air conditioners, and Window type air conditioners. Particular application informs what designers come up with. That means a mini-split AC would be a practical installation for a 150 square feet room instead of a central air conditioner with a duct line.
Automobile air conditioning application work in small cars, commercial trucks, and refrigerated containers.
The refrigeration industry measures an air conditioner’s size, or capacity to cool in Ton, or British Thermal Unit (BTU).
In the early years of refrigeration before the invention of household refrigerators, vendors had centrally located ice stores in towns. Here, residents bought ice to use at home. The vendors measured cooling capacity by how much cooling a ton of ice did.
Refrigeration industry later borrowed the term “ton.” And the British standardized “one ton” to 12,000 British Thermal Unit (BTU).
You can see your AC’s capacity displayed in ton or BTU on the condensing unit or evaporator unit.
With the current global climate change, temperatures overwhelm. Heat in hot seasons is getting intense, and winters cause discomfort. The extreme temperatures are fast making an air conditioner a necessity. If you don’t own a home or office AC yet, chances are you would soon.
That’s why you need to have basic information about air conditioners; what you should know before you buy your home or office AC. This can enable you to make an informed decision before you buy.
But if you already have an air conditioner at home or in the office, you can learn the basic maintenance tips. Some simple do it yourself (DIY) can help you evade avoidable service disruption. You can also save on tangible bucks payable to a call technician and empower yourself to defeat repair scams.
An air conditioner machine is like any other mechanical equipment that needs simple regular maintenance to prolong its life and avoid a major breakdown. You need to know which parts need regular dusting, tightening of loose nuts, and general cleaning. Such maintenance is also good for car air conditioners so as to avoid inefficiency and respiratory side effects.